Among the papers of Hans Bontemantel, Director of the Amsterdam Chamber of the West India Company, held by the New York Public Library are these drawings of proposed coats of arms for New Amsterdam and New Netherland prepared by an anonymous artist in 1630 for the consideration of the Heeren XIX (the Lords Nineteen), the nineteen member ruling council of the West India Company.
The drawing on the right was adopted for New Netherland, and the left and center drawings were proposed for New Amsterdam. The left drawing was rejected immediately because, unlike the others, the beavers completely displaced the lions, an integral element in old Amsterdam's coat of arms. The middle drawing was provisionally accepted, but ultimately rejected.
Sources: Jewes in America: Conquistadors, Knickerbockers, Pilgrims, and the Hope of Israel, Guide to the Exhibition at the New York Public Library. Full Exhibition Guide available online.
The Colony of New Netherland: A Dutch Settlement in Seventeenth-Century America, by Jaap Jacobs, p. 106.
Books for Young Adults
Several books that paint a portrait of New Netherland for young adults
Papers of Hans Bontemantel
Records from the Amsterdam Chamber of the West India Co.
Peter Douglas's Totidem Verbis
Dutch people, places, miscellany
From Van der Donck to Van Halen
Records of the administration of Curaçao, 1640–1665
For over three decades, NNI has helped cast light on America's Dutch roots. In 2010, it partnered with the New York State Office of Cultural Education to establish the New Netherland Research Center, with matching funds from the State of the Netherlands. NNI is registered as a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization. Contributions are tax-deductible to the extent permitted by law. More
Housed in the New York State Library, the NNRC offers students, educators, scholars and researchers a vast collection of early documents and reference works on America's Dutch era. More
By supporting NNI you help increase awareness of the 17th century Dutch colony of New Netherland and its legacy in America.