Charting New Netherland, 1597–1682

Maps Trace a Growing Knowledge of the Land

Novi Belgii Novaeque Angliae, c. 1673

   

Fauna, Indian Tribe, and Place Name Detail


7)  Novi Belgii Novaeque Angliae, c. 1673, Amsterdam.

Mapmaker: Justin Dankerts

This third-generation example of the Jansson-Visscher series is most lavishly decorated. It adds additional animals and place names and reflects with greater accuracy surveys conducted by the colonists. Every Indian tribe encountered by the colonists is represented and every town and village. Both Visscher and Danckerts preserve the claim of rights to Cape Cod (“Nieuw Hollant”). Equally preserved, Lake Champlain is depicted too far to the east. This offered tinters defining borders the opportunity to move New Netherland’s eastern border eastward beyond the Versche Rivier (the Connecticut).

A review of these maps’ titles and contents reveals an evolution from Latin to the vernacular, i.e., Nova Belgia and Nieuw Nederlandt appear together on the Danckerts map. This reflects a shift in mapmakers’ sources of information: from the abstractions of scholars to the practical, on-the-ground knowledge of seamen, merchants, and colonists.


About the New Netherland Institute

For a quarter century NNI has helped cast light on America's Dutch roots. In 2010, it partnered with the New York State Office of Cultural Education to establish the New Netherland Research Center, with matching funds from the State of the Netherlands. NNI is registered as a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization. Contributions are tax-deductible to the extent permitted by law. More

The New Netherland Research Center

Housed in the New York State Library, the NNRC offers students, educators, scholars and researchers a vast collection of early documents and reference works on America's Dutch era. Directed by Dr. Charles Gehring. More

 

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