The Maps of Bert Twaalfhoven

From the Collections of Fordham University Libraries 

9) Nova Belgica et Anglia Nova. (New Netherland and New England.) 1694.

Mapmakers: Peter Schenk and Gerard Valk

Janssonius sold his 1635 plate to Peter Schenk and Gerard Valk who added a latitude and longitude grid to it in 1694. They also added border lines on Janssonius's plate to introduce the concept of fixed borders between New Netherland and its English neighbors. Using rivers as fixed borders however was the European concept of natural borders where marauding armies often had come to a standstill and peace treaties were signed. In Europe, therefore, separate nations would often control the same river. This concept was far removed from New Netherland's original claim that included control of both sides of the Delaware River and the Connecticut River in order to thus secure the fur trade for itself.

This is the 3rd state or last edition of Jansson's 1635 plate. Schenk and Valk added their names to the plate.

About the New Netherland Institute

For over three decades, NNI has helped cast light on America's Dutch roots. In 2010, it partnered with the New York State Office of Cultural Education to establish the New Netherland Research Center, with matching funds from the State of the Netherlands. NNI is registered as a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization. Contributions are tax-deductible to the extent permitted by law. More

The New Netherland Research Center

Housed in the New York State Library, the NNRC offers students, educators, scholars and researchers a vast collection of early documents and reference works on America's Dutch era. More


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